The 3rd BONUS symposium will present results from four BONUS projects ending in 2018:  BONUS BALTICAPP, BONUS GO4BALTIC, BONUS MIRACLE and BONUS SOILS2SEA which are of interest for policy makers, stakeholders and scientists 

Issues of particular interests for policy makers and stakeholders include:

·         How changes in climate and land use are likely to affect future nutrient loads and ecosystem services, including compliance with HELCOM goals

·         Are there synergies or conflicts between climate, nutrient and agricultural policies,  and how can coherence be achieved? 

·         How will future developments of the agricultural sector affect the implementation of the policy objectives?

·         How is the implementation of agri-environmental measures and the uptake of subsidy schemes by farmers affected by regulation, economic conditions (including investment possibilities) and other factors in the countries around the Baltic Sea?

·         What is the technical and economic effectiveness of mitigation measures, including new approaches?

·         Is trade mechanisms an effective instrument to allocate nutrients among farmers and  regions?

·         How can research results feed into advise and suggestions for more efficient and cost-efficient nutrient and climate policies?

·         What are stakeholder views on existing and new governance concepts 

Issues of particular interest for scientists include:

·         Overview and examples of improved data and tools for  agro-hydrological modelling of the flow, transport and fate of nutrients from hillslope to Baltic Sea Basin scale

·         Improved linkages between economic and hydrological catchment models, used in scenario  analyses of agricultural and environmental policy changes 

·         Overview of new data  and analyses of farmers’ preferences for agri-environmental contracts and investments in technologies

·         New approaches for combining stakeholder analysis at local and regional scales.

·         New approaches for developing scenarios following the Shares Socio-economic Pathway approach

·         New models for assessing how changes in land use will materialise under different climate and socio-economic assumptions

·         New methods for analysing impacts of agricultural management scenarios.

·         Modelling and analysis of technology diffusion and innovation

·         Modelling of trade mechanisms for allocation of nutrients and animal manure


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